New Hampshire Facts

If you are new to New Hampshire, there is a lot of interesting information you might not know about the granite state.  Hopefully these facts will help you become more acquainted with this unique state.

  • State Capital: Concord
  • Largest City: Manchester, second largest:  Nashua
  • New Hampshire has the fewest cities of any state - 13
  • New Hampshire has an average population density of 137.8 people per sq. mile
  • New Hampshire is home to 72 state parks and historic sites
  • New Hampshire is home to the larges lake contained in one state - Lake Winnipesaukee
  • The White Mountains is home to Mt. Washington, the tallest in the northeastern US.
  • New Hampshire has the second highest percentage of timberland area in the country
  • New Hampshire has the shortest amount of ocean coastline of any other state - 18 miles
  • New Hampshire was the first of the original 13 colonies to declare its independence from England, six months prior to the Declaration of Independence being signed.
  • New Hampshire was the first state to have a constitution
  • Named after the English county of Hampshire
  • The only battle fought in New Hampshire was the attack on Fort William and Mary in 1774
  • First free public library in the United States was established in Peterborough in 1833
  • The first US Navy shipyard was opened on Fernald’s Island in the Piscatagua River 1800
  • In 1828, the first women’s strike in the nation took place at Dover’s Cocheco Mills
  • New Hampshire’s State House is the oldest capitol building in which a legislature still meets
  • In 2003, the famous “old man of the mountain” granite profile, the state’s official emblem, fell from its perch in Franconia
  • The first presidential primary is held in New Hampshire
  • New Hampshire motto:  Live Free or Die
  •  New Hampshire has recognized civil unions since January 2008 and same-sex marriage has been legal since 2010.
  • The New Hampshire state legislature is called the General Court and there are 400 representatives, the largest elected governing body in any English speaking  state or country
  • New Hampshire is the only elected state senate where women hold the majority
  • There are 29 colleges and universities in New Hampshire
  • The nation’s first state run lottery was approved by the NH Legislature in 1964
  • The first potato planted in the United States was at Londonderry Common Field in 1719
  • The first American to travel in space was Alan Shepard Jr, from E. Derry New Hampshire
  • Levi Hutchins of Concord invented the first alarm clock in 1787
  • Nashua was the first city to be all Wi-Fi
  • The New Hampshire state bird is the purple finch
  • The New Hampshire state flower is the lilac
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